Attica is an administrative region of Greece, that encompasses the entire metropolitan area of Athens, the country’s capital and largest city. The region is coextensive with the former Attica Prefecture of Central Greece. It covers a greater area than the historical region of Attica. Located on the eastern edge of Central Greece, Attica covers about 3,808 square kilometers. In addition to Athens, it contains within its area the cities of Eleusis, Megara, Laurium, and Marathon, as well as a small part of the Peloponnese peninsula and the islands of Salamis, Aegina, Angistri, Poros, Hydra, Spetses, Kythira, and Antikythera.
About 3,750,000 people live in the region, of whom more than 95% are inhabitants of the Athens metropolitan area. The region was established in the 1987 administrative reform, and until 2010 it comprised the 4 prefectures of Athens, East Attica, Piraeus and West Attica. With the 2010 Kallikratis plan, the region’s powers and authority were completely redefined and extended. Since 1 January 2011, the region represents the second-level local administration. While being supervised by the Decentralized Administration of Attica, it is now an independent self-governing body with powers and a budget comparable to the former prefectures.
Demo Area Population
Region Area - Ha
Demo Area - Ha
The park is located in the center of the city of Athens, just 1km away from Omonoia sq, amidst densely built and populated Athenian neighborhoods that face heavy daily traffic. The park underwent extensive renovation between 2008 and 2010. However, after the project’s completion, during the Greek recession and the migrant crisis, the park faced challenging conditions (extensive drug abuse, “refuge” of homeless people etc.) and was largely desolate and abandoned.
The selected site is located in the area of poor environmental quality, high level of air and water pollution and UHI effects, which expose the local citizens to health risk. The municipalities to the west sector of Athens are increasingly becoming home to new immigrants and are predominantly working-class areas. These areas are also considered as socially deprived, with high rates of unemployment, substance abuse, antisocial behavior. A large proportion of citizens are physically inactive, almost a quarter of them does not live up to World Health Organization’s recommendations, while half of the population is overweight or obese.
Already implemented measures in the city and the upscaling concept
The park consists mostly of green recreation areas, pedestrian routes and places for resting and social interaction. It includes two playgrounds, sport facilities, water elements and open-air infrastructures for cultural activities. In HEART, the aim is to leverage and promote the park’s potential for improving health conditions to its regular visitors and to engage the citizens of the surrounding areas as well as potential visitors in meaningful activities for the purpose of enhancing PH and WB. Within HEART, neighboring area Attiko Alsos is planned to be used as an extrapolation area for training of planners/designers in implementating of innovative (HCPM) planning methodology
Temple of Olympian Zeus was originally made up of 104 colossal columns and housed the largest cult statue in the ancient world. It took 600 years to build, starting in the 6th century BC, and was pillaged only 100 years after completion. Falling into disuse, it was never repaired – but 16 columns are still standing today!
If you head down Ermou to Agias Theklas you’ll find Melissino’s, “The Poet Sandal Maker”, where you can have your own customised sandals made. If you get there early enough you can pick them up the same day!
The Panathenaic Stadium was originally built in 330 BC, rebuilt in marble in 144 AD and excavated in 1869. After being refurbished, it hosted the opening and closing ceremonies of the first modern Olympics in 1896, and again in 2004. It is the finishing point for the Athens Marathon, and the location of the Olympic flame handover ceremony to Greece as the host nation. It is the only stadium in the world built entirely of marble.